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Visual Magnetism
All Image Collections at a Glance
Images related to magnetism in early-modern science

Vikus viewer for all images (updated frequently), list of all sources included

All of the c. 175 images found in manuscript and printed copies of Peregrinus' work

Vikus viewer for all images (currently some image permissions are still pending), list of all sources used

Peregrinus
Petrus Peregrinus: Epistola de magnete (1269)
All of the c. 175 images found in manuscript and printed copies of Peregrinus' work

Vikus viewer for all images (currently some image permissions are still pending), list of all sources used

The anonymous edition attributed to Raimundus Lullus and printed before 1520 (De virtute magnetis)
Achilles Pirmin Gasser's 1558 edition De magnete, seu Rota perpetui motus, libellus
Jean Taisnier's plagiarism De natura magnetis

Latin edition of 1562: info PDF, source, read&search

English translation of 1575 (A very necessarie and profitable booke concerning nauigation): info PDF, source, EEBO, read&search

manuscript copy of the Latin edition: info PDF, source, read&search

Antonio Pigafetta's Italian translation Trattato della pietra calamita, et di una rota del moto perpetuo
An anonymous English translation of Gassser's edition of 1558 in manuscript (Cambridge, Gonville and Caius College, Ms. 174/95, p. 395-441)
Copenhagen
Anonymous: Ex Paracelso, Plinio et aliis de magnete (c. 1550)
A manuscript with excerpts on the magnet in Copenhagen, Det Arnamagnaeanske Institut, no. 2403, fols. 1r–3r
Beccadelli
Ludovico Beccadelli: De magnete (c. 1550)
A manuscript with excerpts on the magnet in Parma, Biblioteca Palatina, Ms. Pal. 1033–26
Garzoni
Leonardo Garzoni: Trattato delli maravigliosi effetti della calamita et delle cause loro (c. 1590)
The manuscript in Madrid, National Library of Spain, Mss/2020
An overview of all images in Mss/2020

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Gilbert
William Gilbert: De magnete (1600)
The printed editions

London 1600, see info PDF, source, read&search, translation

Stettin 1628, see info PDF, source, read&search

Frankfurt 1629, see source, read&search

Stettin 1633, see source, read&search

An overview of all images in the 1600 and the 1628 editions

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A database of all known copies of all four editions of Gilbert's De magnete (1600, 1628, 1629, 1633)

for all available digital copies online, see here

Enter the census database here

Allacci
Leone Allacci: De magnete libri tres (1625)
The manuscript in Rome, Biblioteca Vallicelliana, Allacci LXXVII

See scan (structured IIIF)

For more background on this source see my article: Magnetism for Librarians. Leone Allacci’s De magnete (1625) and Its Relation to Giulio Cesare LaGalla’s Disputatio de sympathia et antipathia (1623). Erudition and the Republic of Letters 5, no. 3 (2020): 274–307.

Cabeo
Niccolò Cabeo: Philosophia magnetica (1629)
The Ferrara edition
Castelli
Benedetto Castelli: Discorso sopra la calamita (1639)
The manuscript in Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Gal., 111., fol. 191r-206v
Kircher
Athanasius Kircher: Ars Magnesia (1631) and Magnes (1641)
The editions

Ars Magnesia, Wurzburg 1631, see info PDF, source, read&search

Magnes, Rome 1641, see source, read&search

Magnes, Cologne 1643, see source, read&search

Magnes, Rome 1654, see info PDF, source, read&search

An overview of all images in the 1641 and the 1654 editions

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A database of known copies of all four editions of Kircher's Ars magnesia and Magnes (1631, 1641, 1643, 1654)

for all available digital copies online, see here

Enter the census database here

Descartes
René Descartes: Principia philosophiae (1644)
The Latin editio princeps
An anonymous German translation in manuscript in Gotha, Forschungsbibliothek, Chart. A 707, fols. 190r–202v
Reael
Laurens Reael and Kaspar van Baerle: Observatien of ondervindingen aen de magneetsteen: en de magnetische kracht der aerde (1651)
Reael's Dutch experiments and observations followed by van Baerle's Latin natural philosophical explanations
Zucchi
Niccolò Zucchi: Philosophia magnetica per principia propria proposita et ad prima in suo genere promota (c. 1653)
The manuscript in Rome, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale "Vittorio Emanuele II", Fondo Gesuitico 1323, fols. 59r–78r

section on magnetism: scan (structured IIIF)

In his manuscript, Zucchi reworked his printed Dissertatio magnetica de primo magnetico, & causis progressionum magneticarum (1649)

section on magnetism: source

Edinburgh
Anonymous: De Magnete, et virtutibus Magnetis (after 1650)
The anonymous manuscript in Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Cr. 1.28, p. 35-53

section on magnetism: scan (structured IIIF)

Hellmann
Gustav Hellmann (ed.): Rara magnetica (1269-1599), Berlin 1898
The full collection of 10 sources for the early history of geomagnetism

Download as PDF

content:
Einleitung  (pp. 7-25):
1) Petrus Peregrinus de Maricourt: De Magnete (1269 - Druck von 1558) (pp. 29-41)
2) Francisco Falero: Del Nordestear de la Agujas (1535) (pp. 42-46)
3) Pedro Nunes: Estromento de Sombras (1537) (pp. 47-48)
4) Jâo de Castro: Observacoes Magneticas (1538-1541) (pp. 49-64)
5) Georg Hartmann: Neigung der Magnetnadel (1544) (pp. 65-66)
6) Gerharde Mercator: De ratione magnetis circa navigationem (1546) (pp. 67-68)
7) Martin Cortés: De la Piedra Yman (1551) (pp. 69-81)
8) Robert Norman: The New Attractive (1581) (pp. 85-105)
9) William Borough: A Discours of the Variation (1581) (pp. 107-165)
10) Simon Stevin: De Havenvinding (1599) (pp. 167-174)